Average weather and climate in Mongolia

Mongolia is located in the Northern Hemisphere temperate zone. Mongolia is a land of temperature extremes. Situated at an average altitude of 1500 m above the sea level separated from the oceans, surrounded by high mountain chains that are blocking the wet winds, Mongolia has an extreme continental climate. The Gobi desert in southern Mongolia can reach 40 degrees Celsius (104°Fahrenheit) in the summer and fall to minus 40 degrees Celsius (-40°Fahrenheit) in winter. The winter continues long with cold temperature but summer is hot and not so long. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June. Summer continued from July through to September.

The average annual temperature in Mongolia's capital, Ulaanbaatar, ranges from -16°C (-2°F) in February to 16°C (62°F) in July. During the very short spring transition in Ulaanbaatar, the average temperature climbs from 8°C (48°F) in May to only 14°C (58°F) in June. Summer fades quickly, and by September the annual average temperature drops to 8°C (48°F). The average summer temperature is 20°c (65°F) . Winter average is –20°c (-13°F) . In Mongolia there are 250 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies. Precipitation is sparse in Mongolia, averaging only 378 mm (14.9 in) for the entire year at Ulaanbaatar. January and February are almost free of precipitation. April and May bring an increase in rainfall, and the capital receives its greatest average monthly precipitation in July and August; 161 mm (6.3 in).

Interested in the more detailed Weather and Climate of Mongolia?

Please select a city in or above the map you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. Each selected city will show you the following graphs:
1. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year
2. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow)
3. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year

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